Hemorrhoids are swollen veins and blood vessels found near the rectum and the anus. There are two type of hemorrhoids, internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. External hemorrhoids are generally more painful than internal ones, as they can be felt outside the anus. External hemorrhoids are also known as piles. Hemorrhoids occur when excess pressure is applied on the rectum for bowel movements, which leads to rupturing of veins inside external hemorrhoids. Many people suffering from external hemorrhoid do not seek medical help as they feel embarrassed to talk about it. Due to this, even a minor hemorrhoid can lead to severe complications. Given below are the external hemorrhoids treatment options available, which can not only provide relief from its symptoms, but also cure the disease completely.
External Hemorrhoids Treatments
When a person experiences pain, burning, itching, blood clots and bleeding while passing stools, he must immediately seek treatment. Visual rectal examination can be used by the doctor to diagnose external hemorrhoids. Doctors can give medication or perform surgeries depending on the severity of the disease.
Medications are generally given to ease the pain and stop the bleeding in external hemorrhoids. In some cases, medicines are injected directly in the mucous membranes. It helps to shrink the affected blood vessels and thus, deflates the hemorrhoids. Analgesic creams are also prescribed to apply in the area around anus. It can relieve pain and hemorrhoids itching considerably. Hydrocortisone is also effective in reducing inflammation and swelling but its prolonged use should be avoided due to its side effects.
Many painless surgery methods are available to cure external hemorrhoids completely. The rubber band ligation is one of the most widely used procedure. In this procedure, a rubber band is placed at the base of the hemorrhoid to stop the blood flow in the vein. When the blood flow stops, the affected vein dries up and falls off. Laser treatments or infrared coagulation method is also used in which the electric current in the laser, cuts off the blood supply to the affected vein. In hemorrhoidectomy procedure, hemorrhoids are permanently removed with the help of a scalpel or laser. This is used when there is excessive bleeding of external hemorrhoids. Read more on hemorrhoid removal.
Home Remedies for External Hemorrhoids
When external hemorrhoids is at its initial stage, one can curb it easily using some of the natural remedies. These remedies can ease off the pain without causing any side effects.
Apart from these home remedies, remember to drink plenty of water because hardened stools will cause more pain and discomfort. I hope you are no longer confused on how to get rid of external hemorrhoids because early diagnosis and treatment is the key to avoid pain, discomfort and irritation associated with external hemorrhoids.